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Transportation in Castle Rising Cameo                                  

Most of the roads and tracks in the parish of Castle Rising are of ancient origin. The village lies a few miles to the west of the pre-Roman Icknield Way and the Roman Peddar’s Way. Access to the village of Castle Rising in early times, however, was probably mainly by water. The village was much closer to the sea in Saxon and Norman times than it is today and was a well-known port. Access to the village was mainly via the Babingley River to the north. Three ancient tracks led from the river to the village, two of which, Nightmarsh Lane and the old Turnpike Road, are still accessible. The third and most important track, known as Havengate, led directly from the harbour on a branch of the Babingley River to the centre of the village. The name Havengate suggests a Viking origin, and this would have been the route taken by later Norman visitors to the Castle. Water access was probably exploited even earlier, however, by the Romans, transporting the ‘Silver Carr’ building stone quarried in the Castle Rising area to build their coastal fortification at Branodunum (Brancaster).

The system of roads that we know today was probably already in place at the time of Domesday. As King’s Lynn developed as a port and overtook Castle Rising in importance, we have evidence of another road between Castle Rising and King’s Lynn via Gaywood. This was probably used by Queen Isabella, our most famous medieval resident. Her son, King Edward III, also used to visit Rising Chase and the Castle and probably used this road, which at that time skirted the ancient deer park.

As water access to the village became increasing difficult because of the silting up of the Babingley River, land routes became more important. These were maintained by the county authorities but local residents were then charged with the costs. This often led to conflict between road users and local residents. In the late 18th century, however, a Turnpike Act led to the construction of a toll road between King’s Lynn’s East Gate and the village of Dersingham to the north of Castle Rising. Tolls were collected at the south side of the bridge over the Gaywood River.  The road passed through Castle Rising, but the Act stated specifically that stone from the castle could not be used for road construction. Maintenance of the turnpike road continued to be a contentious issue, but transport links were nevertheless much improved. By the mid 19th century public transport, in the form of a horse-drawn ‘Sociable’, was available from King’s Lynn to Hunstanton via Castle Rising.



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further reading